Nowadays, manmade tiles are being made using an advanced technology that is quite different from traditional methods of making ceramic tiles. This technique is called advanced engineering ceramics. It is also known as high-tech ceramics, technical ceramics, engineering ceramics, high-performance ceramics, or industrial ceramics. Advanced ceramics differ from conventional ceramics when it comes to evaluating the raw material choice and technique of processing. If you compare traditional ways of making ceramic tiles with the modern ones, you will find that advanced ceramics require high pure raw materials.
Ceramic products: Incomparable properties
Ceramic processing is vital for producing commercial products having different detail, complexity, size, shape, material composition, structure, and cost. This process is done to have natural stone, like products with an increased ability to improve, advance, and illustrate ceramic materials. When the heat is applied to processed clays and natural raw materials, it produces rigid ceramic materials. Both naturally occurring rocks and minerals are used as starting material to produce ceramic products. The starting material has to undergo special processing for controlling the following:
- Particle size
- Particle size distribution
A finished ceramic performs well when it attains all mentioned-above attributes. Some ceramic products are also processed with chemically-prepared powders as starting materials. It is done to form the ceramic particles into an anticipated shape with different additives. Some of the most common forming methods for ceramics include:
- Slip casting
- Tape casting
- Injection molding
On the other hand, advanced ceramics are engineered for highly specific applications. They are vital for making remarkably hard and high-performance tools. Metal oxides, carbides, and nitrides are the most modern engineered ceramics. All high-tech ceramic materials are not simple compounds. Some of them can also be composite materials. Here, ceramic works as a matrix or backdrop material. If you compare advanced ceramics with conventional ceramics, you will find that advanced ceramics are non-oxides. On the other hand, conventional ceramics are famous as oxides.
Properties of advanced ceramics
Advanced ceramics require high structural precision and the same is done by controlling grain size, grain boundaries, microstructure, porosity, defects, etc. Conventional ceramics don’t need such control. These days, advanced ceramics are preferred for medical, space, nuclear applications. Contrary to it, conventional ceramics have made their ways in household products and building constructions. In general terms, advanced ceramics own incomparable properties that make them:
- Chemically passive and biocompatible
- Hard, stable, and extreme heat resistant
- Highly resistant to melting and bending
- Stretch, wear, or corrosion-resistant
Advanced engineering ceramics can do wonders in the construction industry by offering heat-resistant engineered tiles that are durable and perform well in all weather conditions.